Historical Timeline


  History/ Human Timeline

(learning from the past to plan for the future)

Before 1830 Millenia of education based on wisdom, teachings, practices of Anishinine
1830 –


1831     Mohawk Indian Residential School opens in Brantford (closes in 1969)

1857     Gradual Civilization Act

1867          Confederation

1873     Treaty # 3

1876          Indian Act


1900-1949 1905-6    Treaty #9

1908          Treaty #5 adhesions

1920      Deputy Sup’t General of Indian Affairs, Duncan Campbell Scott makes residential school

attendance compulsory

1926          Pelican Falls Residential School opens

1929-30Treaty 9 adhesions

1943          Day school opens in Sandy Lake




1950’s   Day Schools open in district First Nations – ie Kitchiinamaykoosib, Sachigo, Weagamow

1960      FN people living on-reserve get the right to vote in Canadian elections

1966           Sioux Lookout District Education Council formed

1969           White Paper policy rejected

1970          Poplar Hill Mennonite school opens (closes in 1990)

1971          Stirland Lake Mennonite School for boys opens (closes in 1986)

1972          Indian Control of Indian Education paper released

1973          District Education Coordinating Committee formed

1974          Grand Council Treaty #9 –Nishnawbe Aski Nation formed

1976          Cristal Lake Mennonite School for girls opens (closes in 1986)

1977          Day School in Lac Seul

1978          Northern Nishnawbe Education Council (NNEC) created

1982      Constitution Act recognizes Aboriginal peoples

1983      KI survey re taking over school

1984      KI Education Authority forms

1987      Pikangikum Eenchokay Birchstick School opens K-12

1988      Windigo Education Authority formed

Pelican Falls continues as a group home

Fort Severn Band – local control of school

1991      Wahsa Distance Education Centre opens


1992      Pelican Falls First Nations High School opens

First Native Teacher Education Program class

North Caribou Lake Education Authority forms

1994      K4, K5 start in northern schools

1996     last government-run residential school closes

RCAP – Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples


1997      New Slate Falls joins Windigo Education Authority

1998      INAC Minister Jane Stewart’s Statement of Reconciliation

new school announced for Pelican FFNHS

1999      District Education Planning Committee – Chiefs mandate to assess student achievement



2002      KNet Internet High School opens

2003      Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre forms under the administration of NNEC

Aboriginal Headstart programs begin in North

2004      DEPC Special Education Assessment and ‘Saving Our Children’ proposal

2007      Sioux Lookout District B.Ed. program

Cat Lake’s 1st local female principal

Pikangikum school burns down; temporary school opens

Native language Survey by Michikan Education Authority


2008     June 11 – Prime Minister Harper apologizes to Aboriginal people for the residential

school system


2008     launch of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission


2009      Chiefs’ resolution supporting district wide implementation of Kwayaciiwin curriculum


2010      Frenchman’s Head School, Lac Seul First Nation opens

Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre incorporated in April

First Nation Student Success Program starts in January


April 2010 Kwayaciiwin Education Resource Centre incorporated with its own Board of Directors